Article 32.1 Scm Agreement

Article 32.1 of the Agreement on the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 (SCM agreement) is an important provision that outlines the obligations of States to cooperate in the management and conservation of living resources in the high seas.

This provision recognizes the need for States to work together to ensure the sustainability of fish stocks and other marine resources beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. It requires States to cooperate through regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) or other appropriate measures to establish conservation and management measures for living resources in the high seas.

The SCM agreement also mandates States to adopt effective measures to prevent overfishing, promote the conservation of target and non-target species, and protect the marine environment from the negative impacts of fishing activities. Additionally, States are required to adopt measures to ensure the sustainable use of living resources, prevent destructive fishing practices, and promote the development of responsible fishing practices.

Through Article 32.1, States are also obligated to report on their fishing activities in the high seas and cooperate with other States in monitoring and controlling such activities. This provision requires States to ensure transparency and accountability in their fishing activities, including the sharing of data and information with other States and RFMOs.

Moreover, Article 32.1 recognizes the importance of developing a comprehensive and coordinated approach to the management and conservation of living resources in the high seas. To achieve this, the provision emphasizes the need for States to work together in a spirit of cooperation and mutual respect, taking into account the interests of other States and their right to participate in the management and conservation of living resources in the high seas.

In conclusion, Article 32.1 of the SCM agreement is a critical provision that recognizes the need for States to work together in the sustainable management and conservation of living resources in the high seas. Through this provision, States are obliged to cooperate through RFMOs or other appropriate measures, adopt effective measures to prevent overfishing and protect the marine environment, and ensure transparency and accountability in their fishing activities. The ultimate goal is to promote the sustainable use of living resources in the high seas for the benefit of present and future generations.